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Will we be saying goodbye to petrol? What the major parties are planning for electric vehicles – ABC News

Federal Election 2022 – Australia Votes
Soaring petrol prices across Australia have sparked fuel security concerns. But that's not the only thing. 
It has also sparked hope in Australians — hope that their future government will invest in a transport system that isn't reliant on oil, but electricity. 
Here, we break down what the major parties are offering around electric vehicles. 
Reducing emissions in the transport sector is at the forefront of the Coalition's Future Fuels and Vehicles Strategy plan.
Under this strategy, the government will work with the private sector to increase the uptake of hybrid, hydrogen, electric and bio-fuelled vehicles.
What exactly does this mean? 
The government will focus on four streams of key infrastructure and technology investment:
The Coalition plans to fund 50,000 charging stations in Australian homes, in a bid to encourage more people to buy electric vehicles. 
The strategy does not include subsidies or tax incentives that would make electric vehicles more affordable. 
The government says it will spend $250 million — including $178m of new funding — to build charging stations.
The Coalition's increased funding for charging infrastructure is expected to create more than 2,600 jobs over three years. 
It does not say exactly how or where those jobs will be created but does point to employment opportunities through supply chains and manufacturing needed to sustain an electric vehicle market.
Upgrading the electricity grid to boost renewable energy and cut down power prices are at the centre of Labor's Powering Australia plan.
This includes the introduction of an Electric Car Discount to make electric vehicles cheaper.
As part of the discount, Labor will exempt electric cars below the luxury car tax threshold ($79,659 in 2021-22) from:
The federal opposition's aim with this cut-off is to encourage car manufacturers to import and supply more affordable electric models in Australia.
Labor will also consider how the Commonwealth's existing investment in infrastructure can be leveraged to increase charging stations across the country.
This includes installing 400 "community batteries" in suburbs and towns
The batteries, which are about the size of a large car, are aimed at cutting power prices for up to 100,000 homes and taking better advantage of household solar.
They would charge during the day and be drawn down during the night, saving households the costs of battery installation and maintenance.
Labor says these incentives will cost around $250 million over three years.
The Electric Vehicle Council estimates a $50,000 electric vehicle will be more than $2,000 cheaper as a result of removing the import tariff.
If a $50,000 model is provided through work arrangements, Labor's fringe benefits tax exemption could save employers up to $9,000 a year. 
If elected, the party's Electric Car Discount will begin in July 2022. After three years, it will be reviewed in light of electric car take-up at that time.
In a push for an 'electric vehicle revolution', the Greens plan for all new vehicle sales by 2030 to be electric
Its policy mirrors international efforts to ban petrol and diesel cars, and aims to align Australia's emissions standards with those of the United States and Europe. 
The Greens' policy has five main elements:
The Greens say they will provide $2 billion over the next two years to FutureGrid, the party's proposed publicly owned electricity transmission and distribution company, to build new electric vehicle charging infrastructure.
Let's break down the climate change policies of the major parties: Coalition, Labor and Greens.
They will also invest $1.2 billion in manufacturing electric vehicles and their components in Australia. 
In terms of its fast-charging infrastructure proposal, the Greens claim it will allow drivers to get to 80 per cent charge in approximately 15-30 minutes, with a focus on installing more than 30,000 fast chargers at critical points across the country.
The party has also said that supporting an electric vehicle manufacturing industry would create thousands of jobs for Australians.
As the world of car-making gradually becomes electric, many manufacturers are planning to sell only zero-emissions cars by 2030.
However, leading car brands say the lack of regulation on their emissions in Australia is hindering their ability to bring electric vehicles here.
The peak motoring body, the Australian Automobile Association, said electric vehicles would not come here in great numbers until an emissions regulation was in place — something the major parties have not proposed, despite the industry considering it a key measure needed to improve electric vehicle uptake. 
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